David Anderson is principal of David Anderson & Associates, a Philadelphia forensic accounting firm that provides a full range of forensic accounting services including business valuation, fraud investigation, and fraud deterrence programs in Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley.
The business valuation process, in almost all instances, follows proper professional procedures; however, there are times when a financial professional fails to follow accepted standards of practice. In this first of a two-part series, Philadelphia forensic accountant and Certified Valuation Analyst David Anderson takes a closer look at two of the five most frequently made business valuation miscues. The other three will be studied in Part Two.
One: Concentrating on just one approach (the income approach) for valuing a business:
Anderson, principal of David Anderson & Associates, a Philadelphia forensic accounting firm that provides a full range of business valuation services in the Delaware Valley, explains that valuation standards require a valuation professional to consider three different approaches for valuing the business – income approach, market approach, and asset approach.
Although the income approach is often the easiest, and least-expensive, approach to consider (the market approach requires researching public company transactions and utilizing costly databases; and the cost approach frequently requires the use of real estate, fixed asset and/or inventory appraisals as well as potentially requiring additional valuation analysis for intangible assets), Anderson – a forensic accounting expert in Philadelphia with experience conducting business valuation services in the Delaware Valley says it is not always the most reliable approach for all companies and all circumstances.
For example, a company with operating losses in some years may be deemed to have no value under the income approach, but it could have positive value under the asset approach and/or the market approach. Additionally, says Anderson, a Certified Valuation Analyst in Philadelphia, a relatively new company or start-up (particularly a technology company) may not have sufficient operating history to which the income approach can be effectively applied, but may have a significant value as determined under the market approach.
Two: Ignoring normalization adjustments:
The unadjusted earnings of many privately held companies, according to Anderson, principal of David Anderson & Associates, a Philadelphia forensic accounting firm that provides a full range of business valuation services in the Delaware Valley, may not be comparable to other similar companies because they may be paying more, or less, than market-level compensation and benefits to their owners and officers.
Additionally, said Anderson, the owners may have had the business pay certain non-business costs, or the business may have received certain one-time revenues or incurred certain one-time costs that would not have to be experienced by a future owner. As a result, Anderson, a Certified Valuation Analyst in Philadelphia, noted it is necessary to adjust to these revenues and expenses to make the business comparable to that of similar companies.
Next Week: Mistakes Three, Four, and Five.
If you require the services of a Certified Valuation Analyst in Philadelphia or any other forensic accounting services in Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley, please contact the Philadelphia forensic accounting firm of David Anderson & Associates by calling David Anderson at 267-207-3597 or emailing him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
About David Anderson & Associates
David Anderson & Associates is a Philadelphia forensic accounting firm that provides a full range of forensic accounting services in Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley. The experienced professionals at David Anderson & Associates provide forensic accounting, business valuation, fraud investigation, fraud deterrence, litigation support, economic damage analysis, business consulting and outsourced CFO services. Company principal David Anderson is a forensic accounting expert in Philadelphia who has more than 30 years of experience in financial and operational leadership positions and is a Certified Public Accountant, a Certified Valuation Analyst and a Certified Fraud Examiner in Philadelphia.